Etymologically ,the word "troita"(crucifix) comes from the Slavic "trojka" , and makes us think at Christian monument, arhetroita, which our ancestors worshiped piously, reminding them of the Holy Trinity. It is a wooden construction consisting of a combination of several wooden crosses in the same work, representing the Divine Trinity.
These type of crucifixes can be found at the crossroads of roads, as funerary objects, in people`s courtyards or churches, next to fountains to bless the place and those who worship when passing it. They are also an expression of popular art, the Romanian peasant is accompanied everywhere by his unwavering faith.
People build crucifixes in the memory of someone dear, as a thank you sign or with protective role. It can be made from any kind of wood, just that using some soft wood the carving can be difficult, and in this case it is the wood fiber that gives beauty, as evidenced by oil or paint and the original joints. If crucifixes are made of hardwood (especially the oak tree), popular religious patterns are carved really deep in this noble essence.
The models on the crucifixes are countless, in most regions of the country they are made of boards with a thickness of 5-10 cm and average height of 2m50. The only place in the country where crucifixes are massive, having a hard main pillar (with an average of 30/30 cm and a height of 4m) is Maramures. On this massive pillar the crucifix is made, but also the other elements are equally impressive, for example most of the components have a width of 12-20 cm and 10-16 cm thick.
- The small crucifix with 3 small pillars- from the bottom up are: a base of 70/20/10 cm, embarking on three vertical pillars about 10/10 / 200cm, which intersect on top with two elements placed symmetric distance from each other, dimensions 10/10/70 cm. The work ends with a crown of 20/10/90 cm, and on this crown there are beaten shingles roof, whereon a cross is. Regarding the sculpture on this, you can find traditional motifs, crosses and crucifixion scene Savior.
- The small crucifix with 4 pillars-almost identical with the first one, the only difference is that it has more pillars, at an equal distance between each other, about 4 cm
- The big crucifix with one leg. It has a main shaft 30 / 30cm, at the bottom there are two sides giving it a width of approx. 1.50m, and at the top , at a distance approximately equal , two elements are found horizontally of approx. 16/14 cm everything to 1.50m, while the other 4 elements climb vertical.
- The big crucifix with one leg and three roofs. It is a very big crucifix almost identical with the previous one, the difference is that is has a bigger height in the center and three roofs somehow overlapping.
- The biggest model is the one with 3 pillars and 3 roofs, with a main pole, and two lateral ones and three roofs. Other works carved by the craftsman Teodor Barsan: gates of Maramures, carved crucifixes, carved crosses, gazebo, carved icons, carved altarpieces, carved pillars, wooden houses, wooden altar, carved ornaments.
Other works sculpted by craftsman Teodor Barsan: Maramures gates, carved crucifixes, crosses carved, filegorii, carved icons, carved iconostasis, carved pillars, houses, wooden altars, carved ornaments